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A brief history of Rap and Reggae Music

Top Hip Hop Music

The origin of hip-hop may be traced back as far as the ancient tribes in Africa. Rap may be in contrast to the chants, drumbeats and foot-stomping African tribes performed before wars, the births of babies, and the deaths of kings and elders. Historians reach further back as opposed to accepted origins of hip-hop. It was born to be sure it today from the Bronx, cradled and nurtured with the youth within the low-income areas of Ny.

Fast-forward in the tribes of Africa on the ghettos of Kingston, Jamaica in the late sixties. The impoverished of Kingston gathered together in groups in order to create DJ conglomerates. They spun roots and culture records and communicated with the audience within the music. At that time, the DJ's comments weren't as critical as the quality of the sound system and how it can obtain the crowd moving. Kool Herc was raised within this community before he gone to live in the Bronx.

In the late sixties, reggae wasn't liked by New Yorkers. Like a DJ, Kool Herc spun rhythm and blues records to thrill his party crowd. But, he to include his personal touch. Through the breaks, Herc did start to talk with his audience while he had learned to do in Jamaica. He called out, the target audience responded, after which he pumped the volume back about the record. This call and response technique was nothing new to this particular community who'd been reared in Baptist and Methodist churches where call and response was obviously a technique utilized by the speakers to obtain the congregation involved. Historians compare it for the call and response carried out by Jazz musicians and it was greatly a part of the culture of Jazz music in the renaissance in Harlem.

Herc's DJ style caught on. His party's grew in popularity. He soon began to get multiple copies of the identical albums. While he performed his duties as being a DJ, he extended the breaks through the use of multiple copies of the records. He chatted, since it is called dance hall, regarding his audience for longer and longer periods.

Others copied Herc's style. Soon a friendly battle ensued between Ny DJs. They all learned the technique of utilizing break beats. Herc moved up the action by providing shout-outs to the people who have been there in the parties and coming up with his signature call and response. Other DJs responded by rhyming using their words when they spoke towards the audience. Increasingly more DJs used two and 4 line rhymes and anecdotes to get their audiences involved and hyped at these parties.

Some day, Herc passed the microphone over to 2 of his friends. He looked after the turn table and allowed his buddies to hold the bunch hyped with chants, rhymes and anecdotes as he extended the breaks of various songs indefinitely. It was the birth of rap as you may know it.

Hip-hop changed from the era of the basement showdowns to big business within the music business. In the seventies and eighties, the pioneers and innovators from the rap record was the DJ. He was the guy who used his turntable to produce fresh sounds with old records. Then, he became the guy who mixed these familiar breaks with synthesizers to create new beats. Little has changed in that part of hip-hop. The guy who produces the beat is still the heart of the track. Now, we phone him the producer. And some DJs are producers and also DJs (a number of start off as DJs before they become producers), today's title "DJ" doesn't carry precisely the same connotative meaning it did from the eighties. Today's hip-hop producer performs exactly the same tasks since the eighty's DJ.